Top 10 Fun And Interesting Facts About Roses

One of the known and interesting facts about roses is that they are the world’s most beautiful flower. They are the favorite plants of most cultivars today. With over 100 different species, most of them are native to Asia whereas others are known to have originated from Africa, North America, and Europe.

The cultivation of roses began about 5000 years ago in Asia with a few varieties. But today, with the help of genetic engineering, they are seen in different vivid colors worldwide. The roses cultivated in the gardens are much different from what you see in the natural habitat. Wild roses survive in diverse habitats other than the ones related to cold winters. There are many exciting facts like this, which you might want to know as a rose enthusiast. So, let’s get started.

Top 10 Interesting Facts About Roses

Roses are admired for their spectacular beauty. But there are plenty of information to know about this flower. Here are the ten such facts you will find it fascinating to read about.

10. There Are No “Black Roses”

roses factsRoses come in various colors and each has a distinct meaning. They are found in various shades of yellow, white, violet, green, pink, red, orange, and burgundy. However, black roses don’t exist. They are actually deep red, often mistaken as black.

Black roses are reported to grow in small quantities at the village of Halfeti in Turkey. That’s because of the exclusive pH levels of the groundwater (due to the Euphrates) and special soil conditions in that region. The Euphrates is responsible for producing the dark red tint in the rose. Again, they are not black. If inspected closely, the deep crimson red creates an illusion of “black” to the naked eyes.

9. The Oldest Rose Is 1000 Years Old

 interesting facts about rosesOne of the interesting facts about roses is that they can live for long periods. The oldest living rose is claimed to be 1000 years old, which is seen growing on the wall of the Cathedral of Hildesheim, Germany even today.

Its existence is documented from the 815 A.D and according to legends, this rosebush indicates the Hildesheim’s prosperity. So, as long as it thrives, Hildesheim won’t decline. During 1945, some allied bombers ruined the cathedral but the rosebush survived. In fact, its roots stayed intact underneath the debris and in a short time, the rosebush was growing sturdy again.

8. The Largest Rose Is 33 Inches In Diameter

fun facts about rosesThe world’s largest rose ever bred was in pink color measuring about 33 inches in diameter. Nikita K. Rulhoksoffski, a rose breeder from San Onofre, California bred this.

The largest rosebush in the world is a White Lady Banksia situated at Tombstone, Arizona. This rosebush spreads more than an arbor covering 9000+ square feet, enough to shelter 200 people. On the other hand, micro-miniature roses are the smallest you can find. These blooms are the size of a dime while their buds are the size of a rice grain.

7. Only One Rose Species Has 4 Petals

facts about a roseOf all the rose species grown in the world, only one has 4 petals. It is called the Rosa sericea. The rest of the species have 5 or more petals. It was brought from the Himalayas to Europe at the end of 19th century.

Rosa sericea (or the winged thorn rose) gives 2 infusions in 1. It bears pear-shaped, red hips on broad red stems & dazzling red thorns protruding from the fresh stems. As the winter sun hits, the joined thorn lines turn translucent and look like stained glass. The flowers are white and have only 4 petals. They emerge in springtime when the foliage is dainty and verdant.

6. The First Rose To Go In Space Was In 2002

facts about red rosesOne of the fun facts about roses is that they have been in space too. NASA sent the world’s first rose to space in the year 2002 to find out new scents. This incident was a collaboration between an IFF (International Flavors & Fragrances) researcher Dr. Braja Mukherjee and NASA.

The miniature rose that made all its way to space was named the “overnight scentsation.” This rose had to be small in order to get inside the Astroculture enclosure (a plant-growth chamber that measures 17 × 9 × 21 inches). The chamber was developed to provide the plants the right humidity, temperature, nutrients, and light during spaceflight. The objective of this research was to learn how low gravity had an effect on the rose’s smell.

5. The World’s First “Blue Rose” Was Created In 2004

rose factLike black roses, there are no blue roses as well. In fact, they have been claimed unattainable for years. For decades, many breeders from the world have tried crossing different colors of rose to come with the blue hue. However, every attempt was a failure because the natural enzyme to produce the blue pigmentdelphinidin” was missing.

After years of experimenting and with the help of genetic engineering, the blue rose was finally created in the year 2004. They went on to display in Chiba, Japan. After 13 consecutive years of study, the Japanese Company “Suntory” perfected this mythological flower. They named this genetically created blue rose as “Applause.”

The scientists took delphinidin from a petunia flower and inserted it to a mauve rose. The result was a deep blue color due to the excess pigment “cyanidin.” In 2011, the company even started selling the blue roses in the United States.

4. Rose Petals Have Many Medicinal Properties

health benefits of roseRose petals are 100% edible and are widely used for culinary purpose. Besides giving an amazing flavor to a dish, they are packed with a lot of essential nutrients and medicinal properties as well. They are naturally aphrodisiac; meaning that they help in making a person feel sexually active by regulating the heartbeat, nervous system, and mind.

Having a hot water bath sprinkled with rose petals is a great way to fight stress, fatigue, and insomnia. The rich fiber in them flushes out the toxins and aids a healthy digestion. Other than this, rosewater is a well-known astringent too. It treats skin irritation, acne, and rashes. Further, it softens, nourishes, tones, and rejuvenates the skin deeply.

3. Cleopatra Once Covered The Floor With Rose Petals

cleopatra facts about rosesOne of the fascinating rose facts is that they were even used by the popular Egyptian queen Cleopatra. Not only was she beautiful but also was admired for her body, talent, and looks. However, historical documents reveal that she was fond of roses.

The sails of Cleopatra’s barge were always drenched in rosewater. The floor surrounding her bed was always covered with thick layer of roses. The Egyptian rose (known for multiple petals), was the one queen Cleopatra used to seduce Mark Antony. She had her palace room floor fully covered with Egyptian rose petals for ½ a meter deep before he visited her.

2. Romans And Roses

interesting facts about rosesThe Romans of the ancient period grew roses as well. They named their variety as Rosa gallica, which today is popularly known as the French Rose or the Rose of Provins. Rosa gallica is also recorded to be the world’s oldest rose. It had multiple therapeutic properties.

The women of the Roman rich society used these rose petals like currency thinking that they might remove wrinkles on the face if used in poultices. In fact, the petals were frequently sprinkled in wine to break off drunkenness.

1. The World’s Expensive Rose Costs $15.8 Million

most expensive roseThe diversity of roses doesn’t have any bounds. But the one that has surprised the whole world is the “Juliet Rose.” Not only is this rose attractive but also is tagged to be the most expensive. A popular rose breeder – David Austin, introduced the Juliet Rose at the 2006 RHS Chelsea Flower Show.

The world’s expensive rose – Juliet costs $15.8 million and it took 15 years for it to breed. It is a medium-sized rosette with soft peach & apricot colored petals. It has a mild smell of tea rose and is often preferred during weddings.

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